Laws and Penalties: Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal. Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense. The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense. If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS. State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).
As for bodybuilders, Stanozolol has one interesting peculiarity demanded among them. It consists in the profound ability to lower sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) level resulting in efficiency growing of other steroids in stack with it. In particular, it raises the amount of biologically active free testosterone circulating in the blood. For this reason it is advisable always to use Stanozolol in stack with testosterone. Another one reason for this is as follows: Winstrol may be more prone than other anabolic steroids to increasing tendon brittleness. This happens due to Winstrol`s possibility to dry out the joint fluid, which can lead to joint pain and damages. Also both Stanozolol forms: tablets and injections have been noted to provoke adverse changes in cholesterol levels. Hence, monitoring of the lipid profile of the body (blood works) during cycle is advisable.